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Ullstein, Scherl and Mosse: Landmarks

Landmarks

This chronology is indicative only. It covers -


  • Beginnings (1871)
  • Weimar and the 3rd Reich (1919)
  • Post-war (1946)
  • Springer swallows Ullstein (1956)

Context is provided by the broader communications and media timeline on this site.

Beginnings

1751 Vossische Zeitung launched (precursors date from 1617)

1826 Leopold Ullstein born in Fuerth

1855 moves to Berlin

1871 Rudolf Mosse founds Annoncebureau advertising agency

1871 founds Berliner Tageblatt

1877 Leopold Ullstein founds Ullstein publishing house

1881 launches das Deutsche Reichsblatt

1883 August Scherl founds Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger

1883 launches Berlin guide

1889 launches Berliner Abendzeitung

1889 Mosse and Emil Cohn launch Berliner Morgen-Zeitung

1889 launch Volkszeitung

1890 launch die Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums

1894 Scherl launches Neuesten Berliner Handels- und Börsennachrichten

1898 Ullstein founds Berliner Morgenpost

1899 death of Leopold Ullstein

1899 Scherl launches Die Woche

1900 Mosse buys stake in Vossische Zeitung from Müller consortium

1903 Scherl launches Der Tag

1904 buys die Gartenlaube and Sport im Bild

1904 Mosse launches Berliner Volkszeitung

1910 Scherl sells preference shares to Allgemeine Deutsche Verlag

1912 Axel Caesar Springer born in Hamburg, subsequently inherits father's newspaper and Hammerich & Lesser publishing house

1913 Sal Oppenheim bank pays 10m Marks for Scherl ordinary shares

1913 Ullstein buys remaining shares in Vossische Zeitung

1913 industrialist Alfred Hugenberg forms Telegraph-Union wire service through merger of four news agencies

1914 Deutscher Verlagsverein (heavy industry interests) buys Scherl shares from Oppenheim

1916 Hugenberg gains control of Scherl press group for 7m Marks

1916 founds Deutsche Lichtspiel Gesellschaft (DLG or Deulig)

1917 Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft (aka UFA) established, absorbing DECLA, PAGU and Nordisk

1919 Neue Berliner Zeitung (later 12-Uhr-Blatt) launched

Weimar and the 3rd Reich

1921 Ullstein & Co incorporates as Ullstein AG

1921 UFA privatised

1921 Scherl launches Montagszeitung in Berlin

1922 Ullstein merges Berliner Allgemeine Zeitung and Berliner Abendpost

1922 Hugenberg launches Wirtschaftsstelle der Provinzpresse (WIPRO) syndication service

1925 Paramount and MGM lend UFA US$4m

1926 Paramount, MGM and UFA form Parufamet (Paramount-UFA-Metro) Distribution Company

1927 Hugenberg Konzerngains control of UFA, instals Ludwig Kitzsch as chief executive

1929 Ullstein launches Grüne Post

1933 Hugenberg becomes Minister for Agriculture in first Hitler cabinet

1933 Ullstein family removed from Ullstein board

1934 forced to sell publishing holdings

1934 Vossische Zeitung closes

1934 Telegraph-Union merges with Wolff Telegraph Agency as official German news agency Deutsche Nachrichten Bureau (DNB)

1937 Ullstein AG renamed Deutscher Verlag

1937 UFA nationalised

1944 Scherl nationalised

Post-war

1946 Axel Springer founds Nordwestdeutsche Hefte newspaper and radio magazine Hör Zu

1946 Heinz Ullstein publishes Sie womans magazine in Berlin

1947 forms Axel Springer GmbH

1948 launches women's magazine Constanze

1948 launches daily Hamburger Abendblatt

1949 Rudolf Ullstein relaunches Berliner Morgenpost and BZ

1952 Springer launches national tabloid Bild-Zeitung

1952 Ullstein family receives some publishing assets from West German governmet

1953 buys Die Welt and Welt am Sonntag broadsheets

1956 launches tabloid Bild am Sonntag

Springer swallows Ullstein

1956 buys stake in Ullstein publishing group

1959 buys majority of Ullstein AG, including Berliner Morgenpost newspaper, B.Z. and Ullstein books

1961 sells part of Constanze to Gruner+Jahr

1968 government inquiry indicates that Springer publishes 40% of West German newspapers and 20% of magazines

1976 found Cora Verlag to publish bodice rippers

1979 buys majority holding in Kunst & Technik Verlag, inc Weltkunst and Kunstpreis-Jahrbuch annual

1984 group becomes public company

1984 Kirch buys 10% stake (later increased to 40.05%)

1985 Axel Springer dies

2002 Kirch collapses, unbundling of relationship with Axel Springer commences

2003 Axel Springer agrees to sell Ullstein-Heyne-List book publishing interests to Bertelsmann subsidiary Random House.