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McClatchy Group: History

Chronology

This chronology is indicative only. Context is provided by the broader communications and media timeline.


Beginnings

1857 launch of Sacramento Daily Bee

1868 Minneapolis Tribune, predecessor of Star Tribune, launched in Minneapolis

1878 Minneapolis Journal launched

1872 Raleigh News launched

1876 Raleigh Observer launched

1880 News and Observer merge

1880 Tacoma Ledger launched

1881 Tacoma News launched

1882 Josephus Daniels (1862-1948) founds Free Press in Kimnston

1883 Valentine and Charles McClatchy buy out partners in Bee

1885 Daniels buys Raleigh State Chronicle, buys Farmer & Mechanic

1892 sells State Chronicle

1894 buys Raleigh News & Observer for US$10,000

1907 Tacoma Tribune launched

1912 Tribune purchased by Cleveland publisher Elbert Baker

1913 Baker family buys Tacoma Ledger and News

1913 Daniels becomes Secretary of Navy in Wilson administration, with FD Roosevelt as Asst Sec

1922 McClatchy family launches Fresno Bee

1922 KFBK Sacramento launched as partnership of Sacramento Bee newspaper and J. C. Hobrecht Co

1923 Charles McClatchy takes over McClatchy company

1925 McClatchy buys out Hobrecht from KFBK Sacramento

1927 McClatchys buy News-Herald in Modesto

1932 launches KMJ Fresno

1933 News-Herald renamed Modesto Bee

1933 Roosevelt appoints Daniels as Ambassador to Mexico

1935 James Cowles, Sr. buys Minneapolis Daily Star

1946 Norman Brown launches weekly tabloid Anchorage News

1947 Seattle Tri-City Herald launched

1979 McClatchy buys Anchorage Daily News

1979 buys Tri-City Herald

1982 merger of Minneapolis Tribune, Journal and Star as the Star Tribune

1986 McClatchy buys Tacoma News Tribune

1988 McClatchy becomes a public company

1988 buys Senior Spectrum and subsidiaries

1990 McClatchy buys Rock Hill Herald, Hilton Head Island Packet and Beaufort Gazette (South Carolina) from Daniels family

1993 Newspaper Network established as a national advertising service that enables customers place a single order for ads in multiple newspapers

1994 NandO.net online service is created by Raleigh News & Observer

1995 McClatchy buys News & Observer and several smaller North Carolina papers, including Smithfield Herald, Cary News, and non-dailies serving Zebulon, Wendell, Knightdale and Chapel Hill

1998 Nando becomes Nando Media

1998 McClatchy buys Star Tribune and other assets from Cowles family for US$1.4bn

2001 buys radio stations WKVS (103.3 FM), WJRI (1340 AM) and WKGX (1080 AM)

2003 sells The Newspaper Network, Inc national sales and marketing
company to The Associated Press (AP) and Vertis

2004 buys Merced Sun-Star, Atwater Signal, Chowchilla News, Livingston Chronicle, Los Baños Enterprise and Oakhurst Sierra Star in California's Central Valley for US$40.5m

2006 agrees to acquire Knight Ridder for about US$4.5bn in cash and stock

2006 announces that it would sell San Jose Mercury News and The Contra Costa Times to MediaNews and partnership that includes Gannett and Stephens

2006 announces that The Pioneer Press in St Paul and The Herald in Monterey County will be sold to Hearst

2006 announces sale of Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News to local group Philadelphia Media Holdings for US$562m

2006 announces sale of Akron Beacon Journal (to Black Press), Aberdeen American News in South Dakota, Fort Wayne News-Sentinel in Indiana, Duluth News Tribune in Minnesota and Grand Forks Herald in North Dakota for US$450m